Canada Provincial Nominee Immigration Programs

All provinces have their respective immigration programs usually known as Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP), to promote immigration policies for a the needs of a province. Because of this, the provinces receives an increasing role in the selecting economic immigrants that wants to settle in a province. In 2012, almost 80,000 economic immigrants were chosen by the provinces, the Quebec province chose almost 40,000immigrants.
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All provinces have their respective immigration programs usually known as Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP), to promote immigration policies for a the needs of a province. Because of this, the provinces receives an increasing role in the selecting economic immigrants that wants to settle in a province. In 2012, almost 80,000 economic immigrants were chosen by the provinces, the Quebec province chose almost 40,000immigrants. The only province that has the authority to select its own immigrants is Quebec. The others only has the right to nominate immigrants. In 2014 and the nearest future, an increase is expected in the number of immigrants to be issued permanent residence under a PNP or selected by the Province of Quebec.

However, for immigration programs in Canada, there is a case of resource allocation and processing delays which plays a role in the decisions faced by the majority of policy specialists and program managers. Canada attracts a lot of interest that surpasses the processing ability of most immigration programs.

To apply for admission to Canada as a permanent resident a different and generally, far more expedited process (9-15 months in most cases) is followed if the application is granted under a PNP compared to the federal skilled worker program. Persons who are not qualified for admission under one of the Federal programs, may on the other hand qualify for admission to Canada under a PNP and for a temporary work permit in the interim, which allows early entry to Canada for the applicant and the dependents joining them in Canada.

Provincial Nominee Program by Province / Territory:

British Columbia       

Manitoba       

New Brunswick

Newfoundland and Labrador

Alberta

Ontario

Nova Scotia

Northwest Territories

Saskatchewan

Quebec

Prince Edward Island       

Yukon

 

 

 

Nunavut

Here is how the provincial programs typically work. Qualified employers nominate a prospective worker under an expedited process which, once approved by the province, enables an application for permanent residence to proceed under a processing stream that completely bypasses the lengthy federal immigration selection process. At the first stages, qualified employer-sponsored applicants could be granted temporary, renewable, work permits, processed at missions outside Canada, or in certain cases, at ports of entry, while their applications for permanent admission are processed by the provincial authorities and then by the federal authorities for medical and security screening. Applicants can conclude these process without leaving Canada.

The skilled worker based PNP's excluding Quebec, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, requires the application for admission to Canada to be sponsored by the employer. The application will not be approved without a government approved employer sponsorship, or will be passed over by those with employer sponsored approval.

To be eligible for sponsoring, employers under the PNP's are required to show sufficient efforts to hire local Canadians and provide competitive terms and conditions of employment relevant to a certain occupation. Between provinces, there are difference in terms and conditions of employment that makes one qualified to sponsor a foreign worker for an occupation.

To qualify as a sponsored employee under PNP, the position to be filled must be in line with a National Occupation Classification skill level of O, A, B; or otherwise, meet the terms of a certain pilot project laid down for a specific critical skill shortage identified by the province. Pilot programs in the provinces are for low skilled workers and are limited.

Persons who are eligible to be admitted into Canada under a PNP may also be eligible for admission under a temporary work permit in the interim, which allows early entry to Canada for the applicant and their dependants.

Under all of the PNP's, it is important to look into the advantage of getting the process started with a work permit, or starting straight away under PNP. Work permits issued under low skilled occupations are restricted to 24 months and could not be extended under recent rules. Work permits granted to skilled workers can be extended for 4 to 7 years depending on circumstances. The "Pilot project for workers with lower levels of formal training" allows extensions of work permits issued under the low skilled occupations, and this has been due to interactions between provinces and Federal government.