Green Card for Children Application
American citizens and permanent residents can sponsor family members who are seeking to adjust their status.
"Immediate relatives" of US citizens includes spouses, unmarried children under the age of 21, and parents. These relatives have their visa numbers available when they apply for a Green Card. Unmarried children over 21, married children of any age, and siblings of US citizens are classified under the family preference category and do not have a visa number available when petitioning. They have to wait until their priority date which is the date on which a US citizen sponsor correctly filed the petition with the USCIS, becomes current.
The US citizen sponsor is required to establish the family relationship by filing the Form I-130 Once this form is approved, the visa number for the child is immediately available. If the child is already living in the US he/she will have to petition to adjust his/her status to permanent resident. If the child is not in the US, he or she will have to apply for an immigration visa which is issued by the Department of State.
The First preference category are the unmarried children that are over the age of 21 of US citizens. Third preference category are the married sons and daughters of any age of US citizens. Second preference category are the unmarried children of any age of permanent residents. The sponsor is required to file Form I-130 to establish the relationship, and, when approved, the children will have to wait for visa numbers to be available.